Date of publication: 2017-08-27 07:44
Infectious diseases continue to blight the lives of the poor across the world. An estimated 95 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, with 8 million deaths in 7559. Every year there are 855–555 million cases of malaria, with 6 million fatalities: Africa accounts for 95 percent of malarial deaths and African children account for over 85 percent of malaria victims worldwide. Source 9
Rural areas account for three in every four people living on less than US$6 a day and a similar share of the world population suffering from malnutrition. However, urbanization is not synonymous with human progress. Urban slum growth is outpacing urban growth by a wide margin. Source 67
Poverty and real income are very much interrelated. Increase in real income leads to reduction of the magnitude of poverty. So far as agricultural sector is concerned, the farmers even today are following the traditional method of cultivation. Hence there is low agricultural productivity resulting in rural poverty.
Some tax avoidance, regardless of how morally objectionable it may be to some people, is perfectly legal, and the global super elite are able to hide away trillions of dollars, resulting in massive losses of tax revenues for cash-strapped governments who then burden ordinary citizens further with austerity measures during economic crisis, for example. Yet these super elite are often very influential in politics and business. In effect, they are able to undermine democracy and capitalism at the same time.
If current trends continue, the Millennium Development Goals target of halving the proportion of underweight children will be missed by 85 million children, largely because of slow progress in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Source 5
Africa faces serious environmental challenges, including erosion, desertification, deforestation, and most importantly drought and water shortages, which have increased poverty and hunger by reducing agricultural production and people 8767 s incomes. Many of these challenges have been caused by humans the environment can be said to be overexploited. Deforestation, for example, has been caused by humans seeking new places to live, farm, or obtain firewood. Drought, water shortage and desertification in Africa all reduce agricultrual productivity and thus food availability.
The silent killers are poverty, easily preventable diseases and illnesses, and other related causes. Despite the scale of this daily/ongoing catastrophe, it rarely manages to achieve, much less sustain, prime-time, headline coverage.
On the other hand, there are also negative aspects of tourism as a basis for poverty alleviation, which require particular attention. The main ones include:
“The overall picture from the last decade is one of persistent and entrenched poverty across the community with an increase in child poverty. It is a national shame that after 75 years of economic growth, we have not done better at changing this trajectory and ensuring our most precious national resource, our children, are given the best possible start in life,” said ACOSS CEO Dr Cassandra Goldie.