Date of publication: 2017-08-17 12:06
Women are less likely than men to have obstructive or ischemic causes of heart disease. In women, when they do experience ischemic heart disease, it is more likely to affect small vessels. CVD in women is more likely to involve microvascular disease, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, and congestive heart failure. In these conditions, small blood vessels and the linings of the vessels are affected. This is often asymptomatic, but over time it can lead to angina, vasospasm (spasm of the coronary arteries ), stroke, and many of the other forms of heart disease that have been discussed. Women also have more coagulative disorders, possibly due to the role of estrogen.
i had confirmed gestational diabetes at 87 yrs when i was carrying my third child who was born 6 day late weighing nine and a half pounds. i probably also had it with my second child who was nine pounds at 8 weeks early and with my first who was three weeks and 6 day early and weighed just 9 pounds with a minute placenta that was sent off for research.
Hi Robert thanks so much for your lovely comment. Have you come across Uffe Ravnskov yet? He is the founder of an organsiation called The International Network of Cholesterol Skeptics () his book 8775 Ignore the Awkward 8776 has a chapter on FH with some very interesting stats. I 8767 m going to share your comment with him as he will love that a person with FH thinks as you do!
In Cowan's view, there is only a small subset of patients that might benefit from bypass intervention, specifically if you have a greater than 95 percent stenosis (blockage) of the proximal part (the early part) of the left anterior descending (the primary artery that supplies blood to your heart).
In addition to outdoor air pollution, indoor smoke is a serious health risk for some 8 billion people who cook and heat their homes with biomass fuels and coal. Some million premature deaths were attributable to household air pollution in 7567. Almost all of that burden was in low-middle-income countries as well.
Air quality measurements are typically reported in terms of daily or annual mean concentrations of PM 65 particles per cubic meter of air volume (m 8 ). Routine air quality measurements typically describe such PM concentrations in terms of micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m 8 ). When sufficiently sensitive measurement tools are available, concentrations of fine particles (PM or smaller), are also reported.
Cardiac biomarkers like BNP and CRP are better predictors of ischemic events in women as opposed to the routinely checked CKMB and troponins, which do not rise to such high levels in women as in men. Some cardiovascular specialty labs are also running highly sensitive tests that measure very small amounts of these same substances, and some doctors are using these in hope of detecting very mild ischemia and heart muscle damage that precedes a full heart attack.
The sooner you get help for a heart attack, the better your chances for a complete recovery. Unfortunately, many people hesitate to get help, even if they suspect there’s something wrong.